The Israel Legal System and its Effects on Marriage

The Israeli legal system organizes their courts into a system of general and specialized courts.[1] Included in specialized courts, which are granted limited jurisdiction, are their religious courts.[2] Israel is unique in its use of religious courts; they existed when the territory was still under Ottoman control through the 16th and 20th centuries and their … Read more

GLOBAL EFFORTS TO REALIZE THE ESSENTIAL BUT ELUSIVE GOAL OF GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT (SDG 5)

Sustainable Development Goal 5 – Achieve Gender Equality and Empower All Women and Girls – evokes an aspiration cherished by so many for so long. However, numerous constraints and challenges have held back progress toward realizing this important goal, without which several other Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will remain in jeopardy. Persistent efforts have been … Read more

TURNING THE TIDE: ATOLL NATIONS DURING THE ERA OF CLIMATE CHANGE EMERGENCY

Situated between Hawaii and Australia, the Republic of Kiribati rises out of the Pacific Ocean, an idyllic, “postcard” version of island life: cerulean waters meet white sand, and pristine beaches await the presence of tourists and locals alike. It is touted as one of Australia’s foremost vacation destinations, offering an abundance of fly fishing, kitesurfing, … Read more

FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION IN INTERNATIONAL LAW: APPROACHES OF INTERNATIONAL AND REGIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORKS

This article will look at international frameworks and regional efforts which are guiding the mission to eliminate the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) globally. The article will then consider the challenges to monitoring and enforcement of laws prohibiting the practice including arguments that it is a religious practice which is protected by international law. … Read more

PROTECTING NATIVE HUMAN RIGHTS DURING NATURAL DISASTERS THROUGH FREE, PRIOR, AND INFORMED CONSENT: A CASE STUDY ON ARGUING FPIC AS A TOOL FOR HUMAN RIGHTS

It is an established principle of disaster preparedness that the involvement of local communities in disaster risk reduction and emergency planning processes greatly increases that community’s resilience in the face of natural disasters. Communities often have unique hazards, strengths, internal dynamics and politics, response capabilities, and vulnerabilities that require equally unique emergency preparedness plans that … Read more

Across the Public/private International Legal Divide in the Governance of Global Public Goods

International law has long experienced a divide or “schism” between publicand private international law.1 This divide is not only heuristic, it has deeplyconstitutive effects on what is possible in the international landscape. The dividecreates multiple shadow areas in which the private is rendered invisible and cannotbe regulated, or at least not using traditional legal mechanisms.2

Effective Engagement of Multinational Corporations to Address Existing Inadequacies in the Enforcement of Norms Against Human Trafficking and Forced Labor

In all its forms, human trafficking is the third largest criminal enterprise in the world, generating roughly 150 billion dollars every year and growing rapidly.1 Though there is arguably some dispute about the number of victims of human trafficking and forced labor, the most widely accepted number seems to fall between twenty-one and twenty-seven million … Read more

The Role of Law and the Rule of Law in the Economic Development Process: Quest for New Directions and Approaches in International Development Law Regime

INTRODUCTION“Trends of events in the international system appear to have clearly estab-lished that developing countries have been placed in a weaker structural position inthe global-economy1 but also tend to be placed in a less dominant position on othervariable indicators”2 of power within the international system, including political,military, and legal.3 Evidence also suggests that the international … Read more