President Jair Bolsonaro’s Role in the Increased Deforestation of the Amazon Rainforest

The Amazon Rainforest has often been referred to as the “lungs of the Earth,” producing 20 percent of the world’s oxygen while absorbing greenhouse gases from the air.[1] Although the Amazon is located in South America, it is an international resource that is of critical importance in the fight against climate change. However, exploitation of … Read more

Saudi Executions Spike in 2019, Disparately Impacting the Country’s Shia Minority

State executions have climbed since Mohammed bin Salman took power in 2017, including an alarming rise this year—with 134 people executed as of September 2019.[1] The implementation of judicial and governmental changes beginning in 2008 allowed the Saudi government to weaponize their power in a more systematized way, ultimately resulting in the use of the … Read more

The Failures of International Law in Thai Fisheries

News stories have exposed horrific occurrences of forced labor in the fisheries of Thailand.[1] These fisheries supply large brands around the world that make everyday products Americans buy in retailers like Walmart.[2] Forced labor in fisheries violates many internationally recognized human rights, such as the right of favorable working condition, to include fair pay, equal … Read more

What Are the Top Social Risks Facing the Mining Industry?

“The [mining] industry’s relationship with society is both critical and under pressure”[1]. This statement made four years ago by Canada’s former Extractive Sector Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Counsellor is still as relevant today as it was back then, maybe even more. With metal prices on the rise, a trend that is expected to continue[2], conflicts … Read more

Do the Migrant Protection Protocols Really Protect Migrants?

A man looks towards the United States through a fence in Tijuana, Mexico.

The Migrant Protection Protocols (“MPP”) announced by Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”),Kirstjen Nielsen, in December 2018 were initially implemented in January 2019.[1] Recent litigation questioning the legal authority of DHS to implement what has been referred to as the “Remain in Mexico” policy, first resulted in an injunction[2] and then a ruling … Read more

The Misappropriation of Traditional Knowledge

“Traditional knowledge constitute[s] [an] integral [element] of indigenous peoples’ societies and cultures and, consequently, indigenous peoples’ rights to autonomy and self-governance [extends] to such knowledge.” – James Anaya, Former Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples[1] I. What is Traditional Knowledge? This article will discuss examples of misappropriation of traditional knowledge, existing international legal … Read more

The Impact of the European Union on American Businesses: Google Fined for Antitrust Violations

In March, the European Commission fined Google LLC and its parent company, Alphabet Inc. (Google), €1.49 billion (which equals almost $1.7 billion) for abusive online advertising practices that broke the European Union’s (EU) antitrust rules.[1] Google’s practices prevented or limited its rivals from working with companies that were doing business with Google and shielded Google … Read more

The Rise of Corporate Social Responsibility

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a rising trend in business practices as consumers continue to demonstrate their preference for socially and environmentally conscious companies.[1] Though consumers, and their ethically use of buying power, are the predominant factor pushing companies towards socially and environmentally conscious practices, legal developments are also creating legally binding obligations for business … Read more