Iran’s Aspiration to Establish Peace and Security in the Middle East: Closer to Hegemony or International Law?

A few hours after the Iranian presidential election, which was held on May 19, 2017, the re-elected moderate President Hassan Rouhani characterized the election as a “victory of peace, reconciliation against tension and violence” in his speech addressing the Iranian nation. According to Rouhani, “the message of [the Iranian] people [in this election] was expressed … Read more

Time to Rethink the Continuing State of Emergency in Turkey

After a failed military coup in Turkey on July 15, 2016, the Turkish government decided to declare a state of emergency to take required measures in the fight against the putschists, and return to normalcy as soon as possible. Considering the extension of the state of emergency to six months, and all measures taken in … Read more

Loss of Culture: Can laws prevent the destruction of antiquities?  

“Without memory, there is no culture. Without memory, there would be no civilization, no society, no future.” – Elie Wiesel Over the course of human history, great and mighty civilizations have emerged, such as the Romans and Aztecs, only to fall to plague, pestilence or conquest. However, the lasting effects of these civilizations are the … Read more

Critical Analysis: Egyptian Election

May 23 and 24 marked Egypt’s first free presidential election since the 2011 Arab Spring revolution ousted Hosni Mubarak from over 30 years as Egypt’s unchallenged leader.  The mood in Egypt was excited, as many waited hours to cast the first meaningful vote of their lives.  There were eleven challengers (two of the 13 candidates … Read more