Human Security and Social Development


Global issues no less than community concerns influence social development,
though the impact is not always apparent to those most closely involved. One of
the harshest realities facing communities in the twenty-first century is the impact
of a global economy as this is played out locally, whether on an American Indian
reservation in Oregon or in a forced settlement in Ethiopia. Globalization means
change, most dramatically demonstrated in those countries moving from central
planning to a free market, like the present and former socialist countries in Asia,
Central Europe, and Africa. Controversy surrounds approaches to economic
reform. The field is roughly divided between those who endorse the “big bang” of
immediate and drastic change, and those who prefer gradual development…’