Hungary’s Road to Authoritarianism – Through the Demise of a Liberal Democracy and Free Judiciary

INTRODUCTION Over the past decade, through the aftermath of the 2008/09 financial crisis, the 2015 refugee crisis, and the following increase in right-wing extremist politics, Hungary has taken on the role of a European Union member state in democratic decline. With the election of a new Prime Minister in 2010 and his quick turnaround in … Read more

Does the U.S. Space Force Violate the Outer Space Treaty?

The National Institute of Standards and Technology estimates the economic benefit of the space-based Global Positioning System (GPS) for private sector use between 1984-2017 at $1.4T.[1] By some estimates, Newspace, the private spaceflight industry, will be worth another trillion dollars by the 2040s.[2] Despite or perhaps because of its enormous space interests, America has stated … Read more

No-Deal Brexit – What Happens to the UK and its Global Neighbors?

April 12th is quickly approaching, and with it comes the growing reality of a no-deal Brexit.[1] The effects will extend far beyond the confines of the U.K. An estimate from the Leibniz Institute for Economic Research Halle (IWH) and the Martin Luther University Halle-Witternberg in Germany predicts that 612,000 people, in 43 countries, will be impacted … Read more

US/Somalia: Allegations of International Law Violations

The majority of States, including the U.S., are bound by the Geneva Conventions of 1949 which requires member states to treat persons not engaged in hostilities humanely.[1] The convention further prohibits “violence to th”>[e life and person [not engaged in hostilities], in particular murder of all kinds, mutilation, cruel treatment and torture.”[2] International Humanitarian Law … Read more

Serbia-Kosovo Normalization Discussions Unravel

The relations between Serbia and Kosovo have long been tense. After many years of conflict, Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia in 2008.[1] Since then, Serbia has refused to recognize Kosovo as an independent state.[2] In recent years, however, Kosovo and Serbia have commenced discussions to normalize their relations and come to an agreement.[3] Part … Read more

CITGO: Where Big Business meets National Crisis

Turmoil in Venezuela has been an ongoing reality for the past several years and one company in particular is now caught in the crosshairs between their own government’s bad behavior and world-wide sanctions and condemnation. Citgo is t]he U.S. subsidiary of the state owned Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A (PDVSA) in Venezuela, which is wholly owned … Read more

Election Hacking: Ushering in a New Era of an Age-Old Problem

Introduction In an age of perpetual information influx, nobody should be surprised that the technology that captures your attention may be programmed to deceive you. Yet, on the eve of the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign, people were shaken when reports of Russian election interference began to surface. After the highly politicized news settled, it became … Read more

Duty to Repatriate: The Case of Foreign Combatants in Kurdish Prisons

I. Introduction The Kurdish militias in Northern Syria have taken hundreds of foreign detainees over the course of their recent offensive against the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).[1] The Kurdish position is that their home countries should repatriate them, but few countries have consented to do so.[2] The situation of the detainees … Read more

The EU-Turkey Statement – Questions on Legality and Efficiency

Introduction The European Union (“EU”) has been facing challenges in recent years related to the large number of people who want to come to Europe. Although the ongoing conflicts in Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, Somalia, and Eritrea were not new, the influx of people migrating to Europe had peaked in 2015. An overwhelming flow of smuggled … Read more