Breaking the Cycle: Ending Child Marriage in Senegal

In Senegal, a young girl’s childhood, which should be filled with laughter and innocence, is frequently cut short by the responsibilities of marriage and motherhood. Imagine yourself as a child, dreaming of your future, only to be thrown into a role you are unprepared for — that of a wife. This heartbreaking reality remains for … Read more

From Draft to Action: Rethinking Disability Rights and the Death Penalty Beyond the CRPD in the Global South

May of 2024 marks the 16-year anniversary since the Convention on The Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) has been in force. At the 16th session of the Conference of State Parties to the CRPD, the UN Secretary-General António Guterres warned that the rights of persons with disabilities were in danger amid a cascade of … Read more

The Value of Water

America faces an unprecedented water crisis despite its vast wealth. The consequences of climate change in the West are jarring as drought sinks its teeth across the region. Like many other environmental issues, water scarcity disproportionately impacts minoritized communities.[1] The doctrines of prior appropriation and riparianism reflect modern water law’s legacy of settler colonialism. Despite … Read more

Under International Law, is the U.S. Justified in Using Military Force Against Mexico’s Cartels

In January, Representative Dan Crenshaw, chair of the Republican-led Task Force to Combat Mexican Drug Cartels, alongside Rep. Mike Waltz introduced a bill seeking authorization for the use of military force to “put us at war with the cartels.”[1] This bill, known as House Joint Resolution 18, would authorize the use of United States Armed … Read more

Violation of International Human Rights Law: Uganda and Ghana Criminalize Identifying as LGBTQ+

There are thirty-one African countries that criminalize same-sex relationships.[1] Most of these countries refuse to adopt U.N. recommendations and repeal these laws.[2] While thirty-one countries criminalize same-sex relationships, “there are only twenty-two African countries that neither directly nor indirectly criminalize same-sex sexual activity.” [3] Recently, Ghana passed The Promotion of Proper Human Sexual Rights and … Read more

The Maya Train Project: A Contemporary Case Study of How Legal Corruption Empowers Governments to Dispossess Indigenous Peoples’ Collective Right to Land Under the Guise of Economic Development

It is internationally recognized that “Indigenous [P]eoples have deep spiritual, cultural, social and economic connections with their lands, territories, and resources, which are basic to their identity and existence itself.”[1] This is reflected in Indigenous Peoples having a “tradition of collective rights to lands and resources—through the community, the region or the state.”[2] More often … Read more

Entering the Third Year of the Russia-Ukraine Conflict: International Barriers to Stopping the Ongoing Conflict

Over two years ago on February 24, 2022, Russia launched its military operation in Ukraine.[1] Since the commencement of the war, the United Nations has adopted resolutions and released various statements condemning Russian actions.[2] However, the United Nations has not placed on Russia one of its most common sanctions that it uses to encourage peace … Read more

Concerns with the International Court of Justice and its Ability to Compel Compliance with Judgments in the Context of South Africa v. Israel

The provisional measures ordered by the International Court of Justice (“ICJ”) in the recent case of South Africa v. Israel have prompted concerns about the ICJ’s ability to enforce its judgments particularly in cases concerning imminent threats of mass civilian casualties.[1] The measure issued by the ICJ requires Israel to take all measures within its … Read more

Beyond the Binary: Centering TGNC Rights in International Prison Reform

In response to contemporary concerns and calls to address the unprecedented expansion of the prison industrial complex, the international legal community highlighted the rights and dignity of incarcerated individuals as a focal point of modern human rights discourse. [1]While the United Nations (U.N.) has addressed special considerations for incarcerated women and children, the unique needs … Read more