Violation of International Human Rights Law: Uganda and Ghana Criminalize Identifying as LGBTQ+

There are thirty-one African countries that criminalize same-sex relationships.[1] Most of these countries refuse to adopt U.N. recommendations and repeal these laws.[2] While thirty-one countries criminalize same-sex relationships, “there are only twenty-two African countries that neither directly nor indirectly criminalize same-sex sexual activity.” [3] Recently, Ghana passed The Promotion of Proper Human Sexual Rights and … Read more

The Maya Train Project: A Contemporary Case Study of How Legal Corruption Empowers Governments to Dispossess Indigenous Peoples’ Collective Right to Land Under the Guise of Economic Development

It is internationally recognized that “Indigenous [P]eoples have deep spiritual, cultural, social and economic connections with their lands, territories, and resources, which are basic to their identity and existence itself.”[1] This is reflected in Indigenous Peoples having a “tradition of collective rights to lands and resources—through the community, the region or the state.”[2] More often … Read more

Entering the Third Year of the Russia-Ukraine Conflict: International Barriers to Stopping the Ongoing Conflict

Over two years ago on February 24, 2022, Russia launched its military operation in Ukraine.[1] Since the commencement of the war, the United Nations has adopted resolutions and released various statements condemning Russian actions.[2] However, the United Nations has not placed on Russia one of its most common sanctions that it uses to encourage peace … Read more

Concerns with the International Court of Justice and its Ability to Compel Compliance with Judgments in the Context of South Africa v. Israel

The provisional measures ordered by the International Court of Justice (“ICJ”) in the recent case of South Africa v. Israel have prompted concerns about the ICJ’s ability to enforce its judgments particularly in cases concerning imminent threats of mass civilian casualties.[1] The measure issued by the ICJ requires Israel to take all measures within its … Read more

Beyond the Binary: Centering TGNC Rights in International Prison Reform

In response to contemporary concerns and calls to address the unprecedented expansion of the prison industrial complex, the international legal community highlighted the rights and dignity of incarcerated individuals as a focal point of modern human rights discourse. [1]While the United Nations (U.N.) has addressed special considerations for incarcerated women and children, the unique needs … Read more